KANG Hwansup was born in Yeongi, Chungnam in 1927. After taking part in Korean War, he graduated Seoul National University of Education in 1927. He was selected for National Art Exhibition as a student in 1954 and had his first solo exhibition at National Public Information Officer in 1960. He did oil painting and engraving including experimental works that are embodied with sensitivity and sentiment of Korean. In 1962, he was invited to participate a group exhibition with PARK Sookeun and was praised for his paper engraving. His works from this period pursued besutiful aesthetics of Korean letter, showing flexible lines and crude texture that can be shown only in engraving.
In 1963, he won a participation prize in Engraving at Korean Art Association.
He also taught at Embassy of the United States from 1964 to 1975. Then he taught engraving and art at AFKN and exhibited at Craft shop in U.S. Army Headquarters in 1961. He participated exhibitions as International Engraving Biennale in Argentina in 1968.
KIM Soopyung was born in Daegu in 1942. He graduated Seoul National University majoring Art in 1967, did his master’s degree in Education department and did his first solo exhibition at Seoul press center gallery. He was an assistant professor at Seowon University in 1971 and a head professor at Hannam University in department of arts in 1974. He originally began with Informel and Abstract Expressionism and established the ‘structure of harmonious world’ and ‘sublime expression of light’ through his own study based on the origin of Abstract. Hereafter he sublimated the religious view of the world to light combining oriental philosophy and spirit of buddhism with christian faith. His work is known for not only structure of light, but also its existence that surpasses space, surface, color and shade and lead to the peaceful world.
He was a visiting professor at Braunschweig University from 1978 to 1980 and at Giessen University from 1982 to 1983. He completed his doctorate in Wein in Austria in 1984 and filled a position of a visiting scholar in Modern Museum of Art in Austria in 1985. Then he returned to Korea as an associate professor at Hannam University. He had worked for development of art in Daejeon publishing many thesises including 「Formative Principle, and ‘Lecture for past and present of Kassel a’. In 1989, he passed away of sudden worsened illness. He had had solo exhibitions in Seoul, Tokyo, Brunswick, Giessen and Vienna and group exhibitions in Maniilla, New York, Siettle, Vienna, Madrid and many other cities.
KIM Hongjoo was born in Hwaein, Chungbuk in 1945. He graduated College of Education in Cheongju and Hingik University majoring fine art in 1969. In the beginning of 1970, he explored the essence of art not following the vogue by joining ‘ST(Space and Time) group’.
From the midth of 1970, He tried to break out of the conventional amusement of conceptualism and painted on the edge of mirror, window and dressing stand in hyperrealistic way. In the 1990, he took an interested in the two-dimensional flatness of painting and the relation to space and started to his develop his own theory of painting by depicting huge flower with fine brush. The technique of pointillism which is time consuming have viewers experience reification.
While he was a professor at Mokwon University in 1981, he deconstructed and reconstructed ordinary experiences and painted rice paddy field, mountain, map, letter and flower in large scale. As these works are time consuming, he is an artist who practices the very primary way of ‘painting’. He won the grand prize of Korean art contest from Hankookilbo in 1978, special prize at Cagnes international art festival in 1980 and the 6th LEE Insungart Award in 2005.
NAM Cheol was born in Seok-kyo Dong in Daejeon in 1936. He graduated Seoul University majoring Sculpture in 1962 and had his master’s degree in Philosophy at Keimyung University in 1978. He trained many junior scholars as a professor at Keimyung University in 1797, at Kyungpook National University of Education in 1981 and at Chungnam National University in 1982. He was invited from Western Michigan University and published many thesises incbluding ‘Comparative Research about Modern Art in Korea and in the United States’.
From 1960 to 1990, he showed various geometric and abstract works with subjects of nature, civilization, existence of human and Universe. During the period, he works on putting contrast like space and mass, glomeration and diffusion, roughness and mildness and darkness and brightness together.
Entering the twenty-first century, his work shows remarkable originality. He, having had interest in radio and walkie-talkie, got to discover beauty out of the condenser, resistance, frequency and modulator and their various arrangement. These three geometric elements create order and rhythm formed by ‘verticality, horizontality and circle’.
YOUN Young Ja was born in Seoul on 21, February, in 1924. In 1947, she was taught by sculptor YOON Hyosik and YOON Kyungryul and she entered Hongik University in 1949 when its fine art department was founded. In 1949, starting with The 1st National Art Exhibition of The Republic of Korea, She submitted for the exhibition for 30 times until 1991 and won The Minister of Education Award in 1955. She served as a professor in art department at Mokwon University in Daejeon and served as a president of Korean Christian Artist Association, Korean Female Sculptor Association and Hongik Sculptor Association.
She has expanded her work to ‘the harmony of power and sensitivity’ which extends the unique beauty of organic aesthetics with the motif of female human body through traditional materials like stone, wood and metal. One of the features of her work is to simplify the form based on femininity and maternity while pursuing immanent liveliness and abstract types that emphasis on rhythmic sense.
She is one of the first generation artists after liberation who has constantly worked to build one’s art world in experimental ways and who has been considered as a poineering female artist in korean modern sculpture. She left monuments to Siege of Hangju of General Gwon Yul in Hangju mountain fortress, to JEONG Yak Yong(styled Dasan)in 1968 and the statue of General LEE Sunshin in Jinchun
LEE Kunyong was born in Sariwon in Hwang-hae Do in 1942 and graduated Hongik University majoring fine art and did his master’s degree in art education at Keimyung University in 1982. He then filled a position of a professor at Kunsan National University. He currently based in Kunsan.
He had tried to connect theoretical research for modern art and its practice in intimate way while he was one of the members of ST(Space and Time) group which was organized in 1969. He had also participated in AT(Avant-Garde) group developing various experimental art like conceptual art, performance, installation in the very front line of Korean modern art. His radical move for the past 40 years has hugely contributed to high-toned modern art by pursuing its diversity..
Among them, ‘Body Drawing’ series is one of his representative works refusing conventional painting theory and constructing unique painting wordism by limited action of his body.
He is one of the most influential artists who opened new horizons for experimeatal art in Daejeon and organized the antiform ‘78 generation’. He has won the Grand Prize at LIS ‘79 at Lisbon International Show in 1979, has recently done his performance at Tate Modern in England.
He is currently in Kunsan National University as an honary professor.
LEE Jongsoo was born in Daejeon in 1935 and entered Seoul National University in Applied Art department in 1954. He worked at pottery factories in Yeoju, Icheon and Kwangju and in 1960, he stayeed and worked in Gapdong Gama(in Daejeon) starting to submit for exhibitions. He filled a position as a professor in Daejeon from 1964 to 1975 and a professor at Ehwa Womans University from 1976 to 1979. From 1979, he came back to Daejeon and started his work using elutriation technique with clay from different regions. The first work he has baked in his own kiln at the time was ‘Winter Fruit’. He then made many more potteries like ‘Home of Heart’ and ‘Afterglow of Lingering Snow’ that express contemporary sense of beauty of the time and the unique aesthetic consciousness of Korean art that resembles nature. He once said that pottery is ‘art of fire’ and ‘art of waiting’. He is considered as a potter that follow reason of nature and that has benevolence, righteousness, propriety, wisdom and sincerity.
He won the Culture Prize of Chungnam with his design of Mokchuck bridge of Daejeon in 1969 and received an Award Certificate at Catholic Church in Daejeon with his manufacturing of the pedestal of Virgin Mary in 1964. He also won 15 awards in Korean Art Exhibition, the 5th Main Prize of Korean Catholic Award and was promoted to Korean Bogwan Order of Culture in 2008.
CHUNG Haecho was born in Okcheon, Chungbuk in 1945. He graduated Hongik University majoring crafts in 1972. Then he did his master’s degree at Keimyung University of Education in 1981 and completed a course of Cratf at Kanazawa University in 1990, and Ho Chi Minh University in Vietnam in 2006.
He manufactures his pieces through the process of refining rap from laquer tress and s of coloring on it. He designs the form and formulate with polystyrene. He then puts many s of hemp cloth and polish. He expresses primitive beauty created from natural mineral effect and varnishing with lacquer, giving highest reach of nature.
He founded paint laboratory at Pai Chai University in 1994 and received Hong Jo Order of Service Merit in 2010 and Okwanmun Order Cultural Merit in 2015. He participated in the ‘Craft Show’ at Philadelphia Museum of Art in 2009 and Museum Hobuk in China in 2010, ‘Maison Objet’ in France in 2010. He is currently a professor at Pai Chai University.
CHO Pyunghwi was born on the coast in Hwang-hae do in 1932 and moved down to Incheon escaping war. He graduated Secondary Teacher Education Institution at Seoul University and learnt oriental painting from LEE Sangbeom(1897-1972) and KIM Kichang(1913-2001) at Hongik University. He taught at Hongik University for a while after graduation but moved to Mokwon University in Daejeon. Moving to Daejeon greatly influenced his work world. While he had searched for Abstract Art and Informalism from 1950 to 1960, He rather started to work on the realview landscape painting than experimental search. It was also the time that he started to seek for modern senses with new interpretation through incessant speculation. His ideological brush stroke disappeared and his sketching from nature and constant study into realview landscape painting for over 30 years have had huge impact on the oriental painters in Daejeon.
He received National Medal Camellia in 1999, won Gyumjae Art Award and filled the position of the first director at Woonbo Museum from 2001 to 2005. He is currently in Mokwon University as an honorary professor.
HAN Jeongsoo was born in Seoul in 1958. He did his master’s degree at Seoul National University in 1987 and started to paint with the subject of stone after his museum tout in France, England, Greece, Switzerland and Italy. Starting with his first solo exhibition at Kwanhoon Museum, he developed his own ink painting. He then taught at Keimyung University, Duksung University, Yeungnam University and Hansung University training many young scholars.
He then taught at Chungnam University after moving down to Daejeon. He developed his own unique ink painting skills attracting grass, stone, seed and snail that he had seen while his walk around his studio. Rhythm of charcoal on traditional korean paper, combination of color and line from the backside of the paper, traces of unintentionally sprinkled ink, all these unite and become the sound of life capturing all pulse and spirit of nature. He captured sound, voice and pulse of nature, and spread his theory of combination and harmony of oriental spirit.
He explored the sites of traditional ink painting like Beijing, Shanghai, Soju and Hangju in China for an year as a visiting professor at Social Science Academy in August 1996. The art tour book written at the time was planned to be published, he unfortunately passed away by cancer in 1998.