|Outbreak||Prior to 2015, it broke out in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. After the first report of the virus in Brazil in May 2015, the infection has been gradually spreading throughout forty-three countries(March 31st,2016).|
|Area||Epidemic Country(31)||Sporadic Region(12)|
|Guyana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Nicaragua,
Netherlands Antlles Curacao, Dominican Republic,
Martinique, Mexico, US Virgin Islands,
Barbados, Venezuela, Bolivia, Brazil,
Suriname, Haiti, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Honduras, Costa Rica, Colombia,
Trinidad and Tobago, Panama, Paraguay,
Puerto Rico, French Guiana,
French Saint Martin
Vincent and the
|Oceania(6)||the Marshall Islands, US Samoa, Samoa, Tonga||French New Caledonia, Fiji|
|Asia(3)||-||Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam|
[Aedes albopictus known as the vector of the ZIKA Virus & Conjunctivitis, one of the infected symptoms]
Q) Why was the virus carrier not found by the quarantine official upon returning on March 11?
A) The virus carrier did not show any negative symptoms at the time of reentery. After returning, the virus carrier was informed to take precautions concerning the ZIKA virus by the Center for Disease Control. The stay in Brazil was then reported at the medical center after acquiring symptoms and receiving treatment for those symptoms. The incubation period is 2~14 days, so the carrier was unaware of exposure and contraction of the ZIKA virus.
Q) Is a secondary transmission by the patient possible?
A) The ZIKA virus is not usually transmitted through casual contact, mainly through mosquitoes. (There are few cases of infection through sexual contact or blood transfusion, however). A secondary infection is unlikely to happen through man-mosquito-man contact because it is not the season for the Aedes Albopictus mosquito to be active, and the patient has not donated any blood since return. Epidemiological studies are currently in progress for the spouse of the carrier.
Q) Is there a possibility of the virus spreading throughout Korea?
A) The possibility of the virus spreading throughout Korea is extremely low at this stage. The inflow of foreign patients is possible, but the possible naturalization of the virus by the mosquito is very low according to the experts’ opinions.
* Dengue Fever is not naturalized in Korea, despite the inflow of 200 patients each year.
Q) Is it necessary to quarantine the patient who has the ZIKA virus?
A) The patient is not required to be quarantined because the virus can not be spread through casual contact. However, considering that this is the first case in Korea, the patient will be hospitalized for clinical observation and further testing.
Q) Will this change the al ert level of infectious disease in Korea?
A) As the ZIKA virus has a low fatality rate and low possibility of spreading, the al ert level for infectious disease crises and epidemics will not be changed. Also, a counter-plan team is still active, and the situation room is open for 24 hours a day for any potential crisis or epidemic that could occur.