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New Hub city in KOREA - daejeon opended to the world, citizens realizing dreams

  • Subject First ZIKA Virus Carrier Infected! Corresponding Tips
  • Name admin
  • Date 2016-04-07
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First ZIKA Virus Carrier Infected! Corresponding Tips

With the first case of the ZIKA virus being confirmed in Korea, the Daejeon Municipality has been taking measures to educate individuals and strengthen the city response system to ensure the citizens’ health. Authorities are conducting an inspection of the Management Headquarters which was organized specifically for the case of the ZIKA virus. An epidemiological investigation team has been formed as well as an emergency hot line among the city government and five district offices. Before the season in which mosquitoes emerge begins, septic tanks, sewer, puddles, and other related areas will be disinfected. These procedures will continue until the end of next month.
The ZIKA Virus
The ZIKA Virus
Outbreak Prior to 2015, it broke out in Africa, Southeast Asia, and the Pacific Islands. After the first report of the virus in Brazil in May 2015, the infection has been gradually spreading throughout forty-three countries(March 31st,2016).
Pathogen
  • ZIKA virus
    • Flavivirus family, the same virus that causes Dengue Fever
Infection Process
  • Spread by Mosquitoes
    • Main Mediator : Aedes Aegypti Mosquito
    • Domestic Aedes Albopictus Mosquito is known as the mediator.
      * Authorities have been monitoring domestic mosquitoes since 2011 to see if they are carriers of the virus, but it has been reported that they are without any traces of the ZIKA virus.
  • Infected by vertical infection, blood transfusion, and sexual contact
Incubation Period
  • 2-14 Days
Main Symptom
  • Acute febrile illness
    • Fever, Rash, Arthralgia, Inflamed Eye, etc
    • Eighty percent of the infection is slight and not readily apparent upon contraction.
  • Rare serious complications
    * Research is underway; pregnant women who are infected could give birth to a microcephalic infant.
Diagnosis
  • Viral genetic testing in patients’ blood samples
    * Diagnosis of the virus is possible at the National Institute of Health(Disease Control Headquarters).
Cure
  • Rest and fluid intake can lead to a possible full recovery.
  • Medical treatment is needed if symptoms, such as pain, persist.
Prevention
  • Not acquiring any mosquito bites or taking measures to prevent them
    • Mosquito exposure prevention : installing insect screens or mosquito nets; wearing insect repellent, long sleeved shirts, or long pants in order to minimize exposure
  • No Curable Vaccine
ZIKA Virus Infection areas for last two months
ZIKA Virus Infection areas for last two months
Area Epidemic Country(31) Sporadic Region(12)
Latin America
(33 Countries)
Guyana, Guadeloupe, Guatemala, Nicaragua,
Netherlands Antlles Curacao, Dominican Republic,
Martinique, Mexico, US Virgin Islands,
Barbados, Venezuela, Bolivia, Brazil,
Suriname, Haiti, Ecuador, El Salvador,
Honduras, Costa Rica, Colombia,
Trinidad and Tobago, Panama, Paraguay,
Puerto Rico, French Guiana,
French Saint Martin
Netherlands Antilles
Bonire, Aruba,
Sint Maarten,
Dominica, Saint
Vincent and the
Grenadines,Jamaica,
Cuba
Oceania(6) the Marshall Islands, US Samoa, Samoa, Tonga French New Caledonia, Fiji
Asia(3) - Thailand, the Philippines, Vietnam
Africa(1) Cape Verde -
Five Dos and Don’ts to avoid the ZIKA Virus
First, travelers who travel to infected countries are recommended to use accommodations equipped with insect screens or mosquito nets; to wear long-sleeved clothing; and to use any form of mosquito repellent.

Second, if travelers from infected areas have symptoms such as fever upon arrival, they must report their symptoms to the quarantine officer inside the airport facility.

Third, if they have symptoms such as fever, red eyes (Pink Eye), joint pain, muscle soreness, or a headache with a rash within two weeks after their return, they must report it to the Disease Control Center(109 without area code) and get treatment at a nearby hospital. Fourth, though the ZIKA virus is not spread by casual contact, travelers will not be allowed to donate blood within one month after their return. There is the possibility that the virus could be transferred through a blood transfusion or any other type of contact associated with this procedure.

Fifth, males should avoid having sexual contact at least for two months, and females should postpone the possibility of pregnancy at least for two months after their return.

Aedes albopictus known as the vector of the ZIKA Virus & Conjunctivitis, one of the infected symptoms

[Aedes albopictus known as the vector of the ZIKA Virus & Conjunctivitis, one of the infected symptoms]

Q&A about Confirmation of ZIKA Virus Infection

Q) Why was the virus carrier not found by the quarantine official upon returning on March 11?

A) The virus carrier did not show any negative symptoms at the time of reentery. After returning, the virus carrier was informed to take precautions concerning the ZIKA virus by the Center for Disease Control. The stay in Brazil was then reported at the medical center after acquiring symptoms and receiving treatment for those symptoms. The incubation period is 2~14 days, so the carrier was unaware of exposure and contraction of the ZIKA virus.

Q) Is a secondary transmission by the patient possible?

A) The ZIKA virus is not usually transmitted through casual contact, mainly through mosquitoes. (There are few cases of infection through sexual contact or blood transfusion, however). A secondary infection is unlikely to happen through man-mosquito-man contact because it is not the season for the Aedes Albopictus mosquito to be active, and the patient has not donated any blood since return. Epidemiological studies are currently in progress for the spouse of the carrier.

Q) Is there a possibility of the virus spreading throughout Korea?

A) The possibility of the virus spreading throughout Korea is extremely low at this stage. The inflow of foreign patients is possible, but the possible naturalization of the virus by the mosquito is very low according to the experts’ opinions.
* Dengue Fever is not naturalized in Korea, despite the inflow of 200 patients each year.

Q) Is it necessary to quarantine the patient who has the ZIKA virus?

A) The patient is not required to be quarantined because the virus can not be spread through casual contact. However, considering that this is the first case in Korea, the patient will be hospitalized for clinical observation and further testing.

Q) Will this change the al ert level of infectious disease in Korea?

A) As the ZIKA virus has a low fatality rate and low possibility of spreading, the al ert level for infectious disease crises and epidemics will not be changed. Also, a counter-plan team is still active, and the situation room is open for 24 hours a day for any potential crisis or epidemic that could occur.